The knee joint is a load bearing structure which has motion with a wide range. Overuse, large and small-scale injuries, fractures, rheumatologic diseases can damage to meniscus, ligaments, or cartilages. Fortunately, the strong muscles around the knee, protect us from the harmful effects of wear and tear in the joint. When complaints such as pain, stiffness, swelling and not being able to walk begin to restrict us, we have to get help.
Treatment varies depending on the amount of injured or worn tissue and the severity of wear. Pain relief drug therapies, rehabilitation therapies, intra-articular drug applications can be performed. Reasons for mechanical restraints or insufficient mobility should be solved mechanically. Such as a torn meniscus, a torn ligament, cartilage injuries that prevent movement, repeating dislocations...
Arthroscopy is a technique helping us to solve these problems and is not a mandatory treatment of all knee diseases. It is necessary to think about the wear process at one end of the problem and at the other end as a sequence of aggravated diseases. Treatments of simple mechanical problems will be relatively simple surgical operations. For disorders involving severe joint pains and limitations, more precise surgical procedures may be required.
Arthroscopy is a Latin word that means looking at the joint. Today, it is a diagnosis and treatment method applied by Orthopedics and Traumatology branch. It is performed by inserting an average of 4 mm thickness of devices through the skin, after the joint was inflated with water.
It is an advantageous method compared to open surgery because it reduces the duration in hospital, the infection risk, the amount of postoperative pain and poor cosmetic appearance due to the small size of the skin cuts and little damage that given to the tissues. For the application of this method, a trained team and special surgical equipment are required.
The knee is the most common site for arthroscopic surgery because of the large number of knee diseases and the fact that the knee is anatomically suitable for arthroscopic surgery. With this method; meniscus, cartilage, ligaments, bone tissues can be easily achieved and treated.
Some intra-articular fractures can also be proceeding with this method.