Robotic Knee Replacement Surgery

What is a Knee Replacement?

Knee prosthesis is a treatment to eliminate pain and movement limitation after arthritis of the knee joint. Joint calcification may develop after rheumatism, inflammation and trauma. Sometimes it can occur spontaneously without an obvious cause at later ages, or the calcification may occur due to the wear of the joint over the years.
With arthroscopic surgery, in the early stages of arthrozis, short-medium-term relief can be provided for the patients by cleaning the worn tissues (meniscus, cartilage).
For patients with advanced arthritis, replacement of the entire joint with an artificial joint containing metal parts is one of the treatment options. In this way, patients can return to their daily activities without pain.
In addition, total knee replacement is currently one of the research areas of computer-aided surgery.

What is Robotic Total Knee Replacement? Why is Robotic Surgery performed in Knee Replacement?

Sometimes arthritis ruins only a part of the joint. In this case, partial prostheses can be applied instead of changing the whole joint with total knee replacement. In this way, it is predicted that a significant proportion of patients with knee arthritis may benefit from unicondylar knee replacement.
Robotic knee arthroplasty, one of the recent developments in knee prosthesis, is computer-aided and has sensitive safety mechanisms aiming to eliminate the margin of error. Unicondylar knee replacement (partial replacements) can be performed successfully without the help of a computer. However, non-computer-aided replacements can lead to prosthesis problems at early and advanced periods because of their tendency to angular errors. (1-2) By using technologies such as Makoplasty and Bluebelt, it is aimed to reduce this margin of error and to prevent prosthesis problems at later periods.

Knee replacements with Makoplasty and Bluebelt;

  • Aims ideal positioning of the prosthesis.
  • Designed to reduce the wear and relaxation risks of the prosthesis.
  • A tissue-friendly process due to minimally invasive applicability.
  • Performed by preserving the main bonds of the knee.
  • Provide a quick return to daily life and work.

REFERENCES

  • 1. Hamilton WG, Ammeen D, Engh CA Jr, Engh GA. Learning curve with minimally invasive unicompartmental knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2010 Aug;25(5):735-40.
  • 2. Epinette JA, Brunschweller B, Mertl P, Mole D, Cazenave A. Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty modes of failure: wear is not the main reason for failure: a multicentre study of 418 failed knees.
    Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2012 Oct;98(6 Suppl):S124-30.